From the wooded hills of the Berkshires in the west to the sandy beaches of Cape Cod in the east, there is a lush green landscape crisscrossed by hiking and biking trails and small country roads. The Atlantic coast is one of the ten best places in the world to spot whales. The capital city of Boston is one of the busiest and most historic cities in the United States, with great universities and historic attractions, world-class restaurants and great shopping. This booklet will whet your appetite for Massachusetts holidays.
When it comes to holidays, Massachusetts is simply unbeatable: Bay State has more than 300 km of coastline – and if you count each bay, it’s even 2400 km! Inland you will find farms and gardens, attractions for young and old and villages where you can talk to locals. Your innkeeper (the owner of a bed and breakfast) tells you what you can do in the area; He will gladly help you to make your stay a memorable one.
Much will remind you of Great Britain and Ireland – above all, of course, the place names. Incidentally, America’s best-known “pier”, Plymouth, is celebrating its 400th anniversary: in 1620, the Pilgrim Fathers landed in the New World.
History is part of the present. Colonial buildings line the village green, the locals meet for beer in the atmospheric old tavern. In Massachusetts, the first shot was fired in the American Revolutionary War-minutemen and redcoats keep that part of history alive. And on the coast you will find so many fishermen or sailors with sea water in their blood.
Massachusetts was the cradle of the industrial revolution in the US. And the tradition of Inventor lives on: With its high-tech companies, Boston and Cambridge are the Silicon Valley of the East Coast. And then of course culture: Whether art collections of world renown, museum villages or music from classical to jazz – entertainment for every taste is guaranteed.
Whether you’re visiting theme parks, golfing or simply lazing in the sun, Massachusetts has it all for a perfect vacation! On the highways, you can make fast progress, on the country roads you experience country and people: on every corner, a new holiday experience awaits you. Suggestions can be found in this brochure. We’ve put together some short routes for you – you’ll see how easy you get around and how many temptations await you!
History in a Nutshell
Massachusetts has had history for almost 400 years. In the beginning, the Native Americans lived here. Her legacy lives on in place names like Cohasset, Agawam and Merrimack. In 1620, the Pilgrim Fathers landed in search of a new life in religious freedom. Their story – and that of the tribe of Wampanoag – tells the Plimoth Plantation. As more and more settlers arrived, new communities were formed. In 1635, the Boston Latin School, the first school in the New World, opened; she is still working. Harvard College, America’s oldest university, followed a year later. In 1692, Salem made inglorious history through the witch hunt.
Massachusetts developed magnificently, but in the 1760s there were tensions with the British crown. “No Taxation without Representation”, the colonists demanded, as you can learn more from Boston on the 4 km Freedom Trail, the Old State House (1713) and the new Boston Tea Party Ships & Museum where you See the famous Boston Tea Party (1773) at Minute Man National Historical Park at Concord to see the first shots in the Revolutionary War (1775), Massachusetts was cradle of the revolution – reminiscent of festivals and reenactments of battles, such as the Patriots Day.
Global trade and whaling helped Massachusetts’s ports prosper. The ingenuity of the “Yankees” and the hydroelectric power of the rivers fueled America’s industrial revolution, a journey into this time can be made in Lowell and the Blackstone River Valley.The movement of the slavers was strong, writers gave America for the first time a “voice”, immigrants Ireland and mainland Europe shaped the demographic trend. Milestones in Boston’s technological progress were the world’s first telephone call (1876) and the first US subway system (1897).
Massachusetts continued to shape American politics. The John F. Kennedy Library is the best known representative of Boston’s political dynasty. The state evolved from an industrial to a high-tech location, graduates of colleges and universities left its mark on the computer industry. huge stretch of coastline protected as Cape Cod National Seashore (1961).
Boston is as easy to explore on foot as any major European city – and also has a good public transport system, all called “T’s.” The Prudential Tower has panoramic views of the city.
Follow the Freedom Trail on foot – the red line on the sidewalk connects 16 attractions, many of them landmarks of American history. They go through 375 years of history!